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Friday, January 23, 2015

Scientific Achievements By Muslim Scientists During 2014

It seems that 2014 was a fruitful year from scientific point of view for the Muslim scientists and Muslim countries. Our Holy Book the Qur'an encourages science and scientific knowledge and urges humans to reflect on the natural phenomenon as the signs of the Creator of the Universe. Muslims believe that research in a scientific way is an act of religious merit, even a collective duty of the Muslim community for the wellbeing of the humanity, since Allah designated human beings including Muslims as His Viceroy on earth. The following is the summary of some of the scientific achievements by Muslims during 2014. *-- Genetics:-
*-Scientists co-led by the Egyptian Geneticist Dr Sherif El- Khamisy at the centre of Genomics (CG) Zewail city of Science and Technology, Egypt, identified the first defect in a genetic pathway of the individuals who suffer impaired neural function.
*- A team of researchers led by the Iranian computational biologist, medical geneticist and evolutionary geneticist, Pardis Sebeti, trained the doctors from Muslim countries Nigeria, Senegal and Sierra Leone to use a sequencing and diagnostic technology to to improve tracking Ebola virus' mutation.
*- Dr Teepu Siddique, a Pakistani neurologist succeeded with his team in discovering one of the causes of Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).
*- The Moroccan geneticist Dr Ismahane EloufI was named among the 20 Most Influential women in Science in the Islamic World under the Shapers category and the CEO Middle East Magazine has listed her among the 100 most Powerful Arabophone Women in the science category. *-- Medicine:-
*- A Kashmiri molecular neurotherapist and stem cells professor successfully discovered a brain cancer treatment. He achieved this via prompting stem cells to kill brain cancer.
*- Two Egyptian scientists created space-based crystals of two proteins of Hepatitis C virus. The crystals which were developed in space can help in innovating new drugs to fight the virus.
*- Scientists in the Muslim country of Bashkortostan are developing a technology to make monoclonal antibodies specific to fight Ebola virus. *-- Mathematics:-
*- An Iranian mathematician became the first ever woman winning the celebrated Fields Medal. In a landmarked hailed as "long overdue", Professor Maryam Mirzakhani was recognised for her work on complex geometry.
*- Kazakhstani Muslim Scientist proves the existence of a solution to Navier Stokes Equation which is deemed one of the hardest in the world.

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