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Saturday, October 31, 2015

Pakistan Could Snatch Kashmir During Sino-India War But Super Powers Did Not Want

Late prime minister of India Jawahar Lal Nehru then defense minister VK Krishna Menon in 1961 that he had received reliable information that China would not offer resistance if there was a show of force to make them vacate the check-post. As the war began in 1962, Shah of Iran sent a copy of the letter he had written to Ayub Khan, suggesting tht he sends his soldiers to fight along side Indian forces against the 'Red Menace'. General P N Thapar had submitted a note to the government when he took over as chief in 1960, in it he pointed out thatthe equipment with army were in such a poor condition and in such a short supply that China or Pakistan could easily defeat India. Veteran journalist and a former member of parliament has written in length the wrangling inside the corridors of power in New Delhi in the run up to war with China, in his book titled "Beyond the Lines". By mid-1961, Chinese border forces had advanced 70 miles west of Sinkiag-Tibet road from the position they had held in 1958. Clashes between China and India started in Ladakh in 1959. Same year Dalai Lama fled from Tibet to Indian city Dharam Sala and got asylem and he set his government in exile. Nehru government helped him from each respect which angered Chinese government. In 1960 Chu En Lai visited India to solve the conflicts, but when he reached Prime Minister's house, the daughter of Nehru, Indra, Indra Gandhi, who received him was wearing Tibeten dress to show solidarity with Dalai Lama, so differences coluld not be resolved. To teach lesson to India, China attacked India. Five hours before attack Chinese government sent a secret message to Pakistani government about its attack and advised Pakistan to attack Jammu and Kashmir to get the state free within two days, as Indian army can not defend the two=sided attacks by Chinese and Pakistani armies. Ayub Khan was in confusion when American and British powers pressurized Pakistan not to attack India and they afterward will press Indian government to solve Kashmir issue. Not attacking India at the time was a controversial decision of Ayub Khan as several Generals were of the view of attacking India. So, Pakistan lost a golden chance of getting Kashmir. Otherwis, the stae of Jammu and Kashmir today would have been the part of Pakistan. And the promise of western powers about getting the Kashmir issue met with the same fate as other resolutions pending in the United Nations since more tan half a century.

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